Are ‘Mini-Nukes’ The New Big Thing?

wants to stop proliferation.

The ban — named after sponsors Elizabeth Furse, D-Ore., retired, and John Spratt, D-S.C. development of low-yield nuclear weapons.

The Bush administration may get permission to create kinder, gentler or at least smaller nuclear weapons if Congress overturns a ban on doing so.

The defense appropriations bill now winding its way through the Hill contains a clause revoking the 1993 Spratt-Furse amendment, which prohibits the development of so-called “low-yield” nuclear weapons – bombs that pack a punch of less than five kilotons.

The Foster Panel, which studied the testing issue last year, recommended improvements that would allow a test within three months to a year of deciding to do so. Others contend that making more bombs is a bad idea if the U.S. “Unless we do a lot more research and development and we find some quantum breakthrough in conventional systems, to go deep is going to require a nuclear capability.”

Last year, the U.S. Five people watching the surf from Hurricane Bill were swept out to sea at Acadia National Park in Maine. arsenal.

However, the administration is paying increasing attention to the possibility that it might at some point have to resume testing if there were a question about the reliability of the nation’s stockpile. — did not prohibit designing a testing device with a yield below five kilotons, modifying an existing weapon for safety reasons or conducting research and development necessary “to address proliferation concerns.”

“Nuclear weapons have a unique ability to destroy both agent containers and (Chemical and Biological Weapons),” reads a 2001 Pentagon study.

Announcing its approval of the bill Friday, the Senate Armed Services committee stressed that nothing in the repeal means it has authorized “the testing, acquisition, or deployment of a low-yield nuclear weapon.”. policy on nuclear weapons, which has included:

Bunker busters — For the second year in a row, the Energy Department is requesting $15 million to study the need for a Robust Nuclear Earth Penetrator (RNEP).

Supporters say these weapons might be necessary to deal with so-called “hard and deeply buried targets” in rogue states and terrorist camps, of which there might be 10,000 in the world.

Defense officials said in 2002 that at present, the U.S could go from the decision to test to a trial run in two to three years. Edward Kennedy, the administration has budgeted $700 million for studying how testing might resume. Dianne Feinstein, a California Democrat, asked recently.

But some experts contend that no bomb of any size could go very deep, because the heavier the bomb, the harder the impact — and the harder the impact, the more likely the bomb would explode before it reached sufficient depth.

Testing — The U.S. has signed but not ratified — the administration says it has no plans to conduct a test. A kiloton is equal to the explosive force of one thousand tons of TNT. Nelson.

“How can we effectively seek to dissuade others from developing nuclear weapons while we are going forward with the development of new nuclear weapons ourselves?” Sen. Last May, he and Russian President Vladimir Putin agreed to slash their active arsenals by nearly two-thirds, to 1700 to 2200 warheads each, within 10 years. Duncan Hunter, R.-Calif., last May. “If you were to have a problem with a weapon system that you needed to rectify using a test, you would want to be able to do that faster,” J. Two had been recovered and three were still missing as of 5 p.m. In the modern U.S. conducted its last nuclear test in 1992, and while the White House opposes the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty — which the U.S. Other efforts include developing lasers and computers to simulate aspects of nuclear tests.

Nuclear Stockpiles: President Bush has agreed to dramatic reductions in the number of nuclear weapons in the U.S. D. A bomb of just one kiloton, detonated 30 meters below the earth, can open a crater wider than a football field, according to Princeton physicist Robert W. spent more in real terms on atomic defense activities than since 1962.

Strategy — In its Nuclear Posture Review last year, the administration identified Iraq, Iran, Syria, Libya, North Korea as countries where “contingencies” could arise that U.S. “nuclear strike capabilities” must be geared towards, according to a leaked copy of the report.

The 1993 low-yield ban that the current defense bill would delete stated that “it shall be the policy of the United States not to conduct research and development which could lead to the production by the United States of a new low-yield nuclear weapon, including a precision low-yield warhead.”

The Little Boy bomb dropped on Hiroshima delivered around 15 kilotons.

At the same time, however, last month the United States produced a plutonium pit — the core of a fission bomb — for the first time in 14 years.

The move to clear the legal hurdles on manufacturing mini-nukes is part of a broad review of U.S. Crouch, the assistant secretary of Defense for International Security Policy, said in a briefing last year.

A memo obtained by a British newspaper indicates that at a conference this summer, Defense and Energy department officials will consider questions like: “What is the uncertainty in confidence and potential risk threshold for a test recommendation–what would demand a test?”

CAROUSEL – People watch as water breaches a rock wall at Lawrencetown, Nova Scotia, Canada, Sunday, August 23, 2009. arsenal, the submarine-launched Mk-5 holds eight W88 warheads of 475 kilotons each.

But some members of Congress believe conventional weapons could do the same job, and worry that mini-nukes would blur the line between conventional and nuclear weapons. ET Sunday.

AP Photo/Canadian Press/Tim Krochak

But the administration says smaller nuclear arms may eventually be needed to deal with the emerging threat of rogue states hoarding weapons of mass destruction.

Copyright 2003 CBS. All rights reserved.

CBSNews.com’s Jarrett Murphy takes a look at the prospects for the U.S. According to the Los Alamos National Laboratory, the move “restores the nation’s ability to make nuclear weapons,” and was needed so the Energy Department could replace pits found unsafe or destroyed through regular check-ups.

By Jarrett Murphy

“One way you ensure that there are no safe havens is to be able to go deep,” said Armed Services Committee chairman Rep. According to Sen

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Do nuclear submarines have multiple warheads on their missiles?

Most US submarines are run on nuclear power, but most do not carry nuclear weapons.

In other words, a single Ohio class submarine can carry 192 warheads with a total of 91 Mt of firepower.

Yes.

To be more specific; a nuclear submarine is one that is powered by nuclear energy, not necessarily one that carries nuclear weapons. By comparison all combined uses of explosives by all sides in WWII was under 3 Mt. Presently the USA fields the Trident missiles in Ohio class submarines. So my comment above only applies to Ohio class submarines that carry nuclear weapons. And a single Ohio class submarine can carry 24 Trident missiles. Each W88 has about 475 kiloton yield.

——– EDIT ——— . Each Trident SLBM can carry up to 8 W88’s

Are ‘Mini-Nukes’ The New Big Thing?

A kiloton is equal to the explosive force of one thousand tons of TNT. A bomb of just one kiloton, detonated 30 meters below the earth, can open a crater wider than a football field, according to Princeton physicist Robert W. spent more in real terms on atomic defense activities than since 1962.

Strategy — In its Nuclear Posture Review last year, the administration identified Iraq, Iran, Syria, Libya, North Korea as countries where “contingencies” could arise that U.S. Other efforts include developing lasers and computers to simulate aspects of nuclear tests.

Nuclear Stockpiles: President Bush has agreed to dramatic reductions in the number of nuclear weapons in the U.S. development of low-yield nuclear weapons.

The Bush administration may get permission to create kinder, gentler or at least smaller nuclear weapons if Congress overturns a ban on doing so.

The defense appropriations bill now winding its way through the Hill contains a clause revoking the 1993 Spratt-Furse amendment, which prohibits the development of so-called “low-yield” nuclear weapons – bombs that pack a punch of less than five kilotons.

The ban — named after sponsors Elizabeth Furse, D-Ore., retired, and John Spratt, D-S.C. Duncan Hunter, R.-Calif., last May. Nelson.

“Nuclear weapons have a unique ability to destroy both agent containers and (Chemical and Biological Weapons),” reads a 2001 Pentagon study.

“How can we effectively seek to dissuade others from developing nuclear weapons while we are going forward with the development of new nuclear weapons ourselves?” Sen. conducted its last nuclear test in 1992, and while the White House opposes the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty — which the U.S. “nuclear strike capabilities” must be geared towards, according to a leaked copy of the report.

The 1993 low-yield ban that the current defense bill would delete stated that “it shall be the policy of the United States not to conduct research and development which could lead to the production by the United States of a new low-yield nuclear weapon, including a precision low-yield warhead.”

Copyright 2003 CBS. According to the Los Alamos National Laboratory, the move “restores the nation’s ability to make nuclear weapons,” and was needed so the Energy Department could replace pits found unsafe or destroyed through regular check-ups.

“One way you ensure that there are no safe havens is to be able to go deep,” said Armed Services Committee chairman Rep.

However, the administration is paying increasing attention to the possibility that it might at some point have to resume testing if there were a question about the reliability of the nation’s stockpile. policy on nuclear weapons, which has included:

Bunker busters — For the second year in a row, the Energy Department is requesting $15 million to study the need for a Robust Nuclear Earth Penetrator (RNEP).

Supporters say these weapons might be necessary to deal with so-called “hard and deeply buried targets” in rogue states and terrorist camps, of which there might be 10,000 in the world.

The Little Boy bomb dropped on Hiroshima delivered around 15 kilotons. has signed but not ratified — the administration says it has no plans to conduct a test. ET Sunday.

AP Photo/Canadian Press/Tim Krochak

The move to clear the legal hurdles on manufacturing mini-nukes is part of a broad review of U.S. Five people watching the surf from Hurricane Bill were swept out to sea at Acadia National Park in Maine. Others contend that making more bombs is a bad idea if the U.S. Edward Kennedy, the administration has budgeted $700 million for studying how testing might resume. Crouch, the assistant secretary of Defense for International Security Policy, said in a briefing last year.. arsenal. According to Sen.

At the same time, however, last month the United States produced a plutonium pit — the core of a fission bomb — for the first time in 14 years. arsenal, the submarine-launched Mk-5 holds eight W88 warheads of 475 kilotons each.

By Jarrett Murphy

CBSNews.com’s Jarrett Murphy takes a look at the prospects for the U.S. “If you were to have a problem with a weapon system that you needed to rectify using a test, you would want to be able to do that faster,” J. wants to stop proliferation.

But the administration says smaller nuclear arms may eventually be needed to deal with the emerging threat of rogue states hoarding weapons of mass destruction.

Announcing its approval of the bill Friday, the Senate Armed Services committee stressed that nothing in the repeal means it has authorized “the testing, acquisition, or deployment of a low-yield nuclear weapon.”

But some experts contend that no bomb of any size could go very deep, because the heavier the bomb, the harder the impact — and the harder the impact, the more likely the bomb would explode before it reached sufficient depth.

Testing — The U.S. D. In the modern U.S. All rights reserved.

The Foster Panel, which studied the testing issue last year, recommended improvements that would allow a test within three months to a year of deciding to do so. “Unless we do a lot more research and development and we find some quantum breakthrough in conventional systems, to go deep is going to require a nuclear capability.”

CAROUSEL – People watch as water breaches a rock wall at Lawrencetown, Nova Scotia, Canada, Sunday, August 23, 2009. Last May, he and Russian President Vladimir Putin agreed to slash their active arsenals by nearly two-thirds, to 1700 to 2200 warheads each, within 10 years. — did not prohibit designing a testing device with a yield below five kilotons, modifying an existing weapon for safety reasons or conducting research and development necessary “to address proliferation concerns.”

But some members of Congress believe conventional weapons could do the same job, and worry that mini-nukes would blur the line between conventional and nuclear weapons. Two had been recovered and three were still missing as of 5 p.m.

A memo obtained by a British newspaper indicates that at a conference this summer, Defense and Energy department officials will consider questions like: “What is the uncertainty in confidence and potential risk threshold for a test recommendation–what would demand a test?”

Defense officials said in 2002 that at present, the U.S could go from the decision to test to a trial run in two to three years. Dianne Feinstein, a California Democrat, asked recently.

Last year, the U.S

Transatlantic clean ship rates soften | Energy & Oil | Reuters

Firmer activity in April last year

pushed rates to their highest since 2008 on a jump in U.S.

gasoline demand, helping to reduce the number of tankers

available for hire.

Rates for medium-range (MR) tankers for 37,000 tonne cargoes

from Rotterdam to New York moved to W155.00, or $11,642 a day

when translated into average earnings, from W164.79 or $13,688 a

day on Friday and W154.38 or $11,406 a day last Monday..

* Transatlantic market set to stay volatile

LONDON Jan 23 (Reuters) – Refined petroleum tanker

rates on top export routes were mostly steady on Monday although

slower activity took its toll on earnings in the transatlantic

market.

Long Range (LR) 1 tankers, carrying 55,000 tonne loads from

the Middle East Gulf (MEG) to Japan, were at W104.50, from

W104.04 on Friday and W98.15 last Monday.

  Continued…

Typical Long Range 2, 75,000 tonne shipments on the Middle

East Gulf (MEG) to Japan route stood at W88.95 from W88.71 on

Friday and W88.38 on Monday.

* LR rates to stay subdued due to China holidays

“This looks likely to have been a fleeting spike, however,

and a sedate end to the week lowered rates back down to …

$13,500/day,” broker SSY said on Monday.

Brokers said a rush of cargo fixing earlier last week,

helped by a demand boost, lost momentum.

Earnings hit their lowest in a year in November and have

been volatile since then

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Gaming in Puerto Rico – Endless Hours of Fun and Frolic

It has certainly taken position as one of the best gambling destinations in the Caribbean. There is a healthy competition between the land casinos and the ones run on cruise ships.

Puerto Rico casinos are growing in popularity worldwide. These 18 locations are available for tourists to place wagers. Most cruise ships that sail the Caribbean also have casinos according to reports. Apart

from the universal favourite slot machines, the casinos also offer games such as Big Six Wheels, Pai Go Poker, Blackjack, Baccarat, Roulette and Craps among others. The areas of gambling have also been expanded considerably.

Tourists can prefer playing slots throughout the various resorts on the island. There are more than 5,000 slot machines and 300 table games including sports and racetrack bets that keep tourists busy during their stay here. The gaming industry is thriving especially after they were legalized. You are sure to find the one that excites you the most at one of the popular resorts or hotels. Non-compliance attracts stiff penalties and censure. Tourists have contributed to the gaming income in large measures.

Casinos in Puerto Rico have taken all precautions to keep their place secure and the gaming is conducted strictly as per the guidelines laid down by the government. There are a variety of gaming activities to choose from. The games and the casinos here are carefully controlled by the government authorities and they can legally be operated in resort hotels only. Some of them offer bars, live music and lots of exciting action.

In Puerto Rico there are 17 casinos and one horse track.

Tourists visiting the place for some exciting times and fun elements can find these casinos the perfect getaway to spend their late hours. .

Today, most of the hotels and resorts have casinos that are open round the clock. A new legislation has been proposed to allow an additional 20,000 terminals on the island. However, you need not be a guest or patron to participate in the gaming.

Puerto Ricans have always been enthusiastic about their gambling activities and it is an irreplaceable part of their daily routine. The Caribbean casino and card room industry is driven by tourists to a significant extent. The 70s saw legal gambling become a popular pastime and since then the number of casinos of all shapes and sizes have proliferated in Puerto Rico. Two lotteries also operate here which include the Loteria Tradicional and the Loteria Electronica. Online gambling are also offers in some jurisdictions; some with well developed racetracks

What are your best frugal living tips? (Weekly Topic Inspiration)

Make a hobby of it.

Swap unused items with friends, neighbors etc. I agree with the hubber who says – write down every single penny spent. Make a philosophy of it.

. Make it a festive occasion.

Live on less. Make a ‘hobby’ of it.

Look for the discounted items.

Ask for discount.

Look for the ‘free’ items. Everything homemade tastes better, so therefore, i believe, your needs are more satisfied.

Re-vamp old items into ‘new’ furniture, clothes, curtains, cushions. By not going to the store for these items you will make better use of your time, energy and ingredients.

Bake your own items – bread, cakes, pies etc. Get ideas from magazines, online.

Discard the credit card – use a debit card, if needed. for things you want. you will feel the ‘pain’ of the immediacy of that money spent.

Buy as many items ‘on sale’ or ‘reduced’ as possible. That way you can ‘track’ your money.

Grow your own veg, fruit, keep hens, ducks, poultry – even in a small space

How to identify betting scams and rip-offs – National casino industry

However, it can be difficult or impossible to get refunds if and when the scam operation takes the money and simply disappears. However, such a bogus claim runs counter to marketplace economics.

Some scam artists provide different tips to different people in a race of a set number of horses. Reputable companies will keep accurate records of tipping activities.

Some victims are contacted by phone with the offer of investing in shares of a racehorse. Some companies charge premium tipping fees by claiming a superior track record of betting advice. Punters should heed the old axiom that if it sounds too good to be true, it probably is.

· Do not give your bank account details or any money.

It is estimated that tipster scams cost punters between £1 million and £4 million each year in the UK alone. The bettor who won could then assume that they received real insight into the race outcome and may pay future fees to the scam artist.

Other tipster scams offer a regular monthly income with ‘no financial risk’ if the consumer places bets on someone else’s behalf on horses which are ‘sure to win’. Often, victims lose their money without recourse due to their inability to contact the perpetrator.

· Do not listen to anyone claiming they know a ‘sure-fire’ racehorse that cannot lose.

Scammers may also encourage prospects to sign up by suggesting that there are only a limited number of places available for their exclusive service. However, bettors need to be cautious of inflated or fabricated figures designed to attract new customers. Instead of an address, victims are often provided a mailbox without an ability to contact anyone at the company.. Obviously, it is extremely difficult or impossible to obtain winning percentages that high. After sending their money, the perpetrator claims that they will receive legal paperwork regarding the ownership but nothing arrives.

Follow this advice in order to avoid horse racing scams:

· Report suspicious operations or individuals to authorities in order to prevent possible crimes.

Rip-off companies may also state that there is a ‘money back guarantee’ if punters aren’t satisfied. Consumers are told that if the horse wins they should send on the winnings but if it loses they will be refunded the bet. If a vendor has a great service that provides real value, it’s in their financial incentive to reach as many customers as they can.

· Be cautious of any tipster that operates using a PO Box Number, or who is very difficult to contact.

Scam artists often refer to themselves as “racing pundits,” telling potential customers that their tipping service provides a very high ratio of winners to runners, sometimes up to 90 per cent. Such method guarantees that one person will win

Twitter rolls out new search results interface on its site

Twitter rolls out new search results interface on its site

Twitter advanced search

Twitter’s new search results interface is now rolling out to all logged-in users on its site, with a revised design, more emphasis on images and enhanced filtering options.

You can switch between ‘Top’ tweets that come from prominent accounts or have been retweeted a lot, and ‘Live’ tweets that bring you the latest posts from the community.

The advanced search option — which lets you filter tweets by location, date range and whether they’re positive, negative or asking a question — is still available and remains unchanged.

The new results interface is more than just a fresh coat of paint and is an improvement over the old one when it comes to surfacing important tweets.

In addition, you can choose to look up only photos, videos, accounts and news, and save or embed your searches.

Twitter search results

The refresh, which the company has been testing since April, now highlights important tweets, images and accounts related to your search query.

Twitter search results 2